Systems Theory Articles2019-01-06T14:49:59+00:00

Systems Theory Articles

Systems Theory Book

May 23rd, 2017|

This book is an introduction to the key concepts within systems theory. Systems theory has been defined as an approach that attempts to balance holistic and analytical reasoning. In systems theory, it is argued that the only way to

Newtonian Paradigm

October 17th, 2016|

Newtonian Paradigm The Newtonian paradigm, also called the clockwork universe, is the scientific paradigm that supports modern science being characterized by its materialistic and atomistic vision of isolated inert objects(matter) that interact in a linear cause and effect fashion, [...]

Systems Paradigm

August 8th, 2016|

Systems Paradigm A paradigm is a standard, perspective, or set of ideasView Source that form a worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular domain.View Source The systems paradigm, is then a coherent set of basic [...]


August 8th, 2016|

Integration Integration means the bringing together or connecting of things. It is the act of combining or adding parts to make a unified whole.View Source As such it can be defined as the opposite from disintegration or differentiation, [...]


August 7th, 2016|

Interdependence Interdependence is one of the central concepts within systems theory in that most definitions for a system involve the idea of interdependency between a set of parts.View Source  Indeed the idea of interdependency is often the central concept [...]

Relational Paradigm

August 6th, 2016|

Relational Paradigm Relational thinking is a way of seeing the world that places greater precedence on the relations or connections between entities rather than simply looking at those entities as discrete. The main overarching principle in the relational paradigm [...]

Systems Differentiation

August 5th, 2016|

Integration and Differentiation Integration and differentiation represent two different stages during the evolution of a system. Differentiation is the process whereby an integrated system becomes divided up into more specialized, well-defined parts. Integration is the process whereby diverse elements [...]

Process Thinking

August 4th, 2016|

Process Thinking Process thinking or dynamic thinking is a way of interpreting events in terms of processes of change that create them. It focuses on the nonlinear dynamics of change over time that create certain patterns out of which [...]

Paradigm Shift

August 4th, 2016|

Paradigm Shift The term paradigm describes a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing the world for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.View Source The term paradigm shift [...]

Nonlinear Causality

August 2nd, 2016|

Nonlinear Causality Nonlinear causality is a form of causation where cause and effect can flow in a bidirectional fashion between two or more elements or systems. The essential characteristic of nonlinear causality is the idea of feedback that an [...]

Linear Causality

August 1st, 2016|

Linear Causality Linear causality is a conception of causation as following a single, linear direction, i.e. event A causes effect B, while B has no demonstrable effect on A. This unidirectional causation may be in space as well as time, [...]


August 1st, 2016|

Causality Causality describes a relationship that exists between two or more things where a change in one thing - or set of things - causes a change in another.View Source The essence of causality is a phenomenon being [...]

Formal Models

July 31st, 2016|

Models A model is an abstract, typically compact, representation of some phenomena that enables us to conceptualize and communicate its basic structure and dynamics in a coherent form. A central characteristic of models and modeling of all kind is [...]


July 31st, 2016|

Abstraction Abstraction is the process of considering something independently of its associations or attributes.View Source The use of abstraction involves removing successive layers of detail from a representation in order to capture only the essential features that are [...]


July 30th, 2016|

Instantiation Instantiation is the process of transforming an abstraction into a concrete example.View Source An abstraction is any entity that exists independently of context or specific attributes. The process of instantiation is one of taking an abstraction and [...]


July 30th, 2016|

Synthesis Synthetic reasoning involves combining disparate ideas to create a more abstract whole that integrates their divergent characteristics The word synthesis comes from the Greek word meaning "to put together."View Source Synthesis is a process of [...]


July 30th, 2016|

Encapsulation Encapsulation means to cover or surround something in order to show or express the main idea or quality of it in a concise fashion.View Source Encapsulation is a central part of modeling and designing systems in that [...]


July 30th, 2016|

Analysis Analysis is a method of inquiry that proceeds by breaking a system down into its elementary parts, studying those parts in isolation and then forming a description of the whole system in terms of its basic components and [...]

Holism & Reductionism

July 28th, 2016|

Holism and Reductionism Holism and reductionism represent two paradigms or worldviews within science and philosophy that provide fundamentally different accounts as how to best view, interpret and reason about a given phenomenon. Reductionism places an emphasis on the constituent [...]

Conceptual System

July 26th, 2016|

Conceptual System A system is a set of interdependent parts that perform some function as a whole.Source Link A conceptual system is then a set of concepts, relations between those concepts, and the logic or processes of reasoning [...]

Conceptual Framework

July 26th, 2016|

Conceptual Framework A conceptual framework may be defined as a network or a plan of interrelated concepts that together provide a comprehensive understanding to some phenomena or domain of interest.Source Link In the general sense conceptual frameworks form [...]

Systems Awareness

July 24th, 2016|

Systems Thinking Awareness Systems thinking is, in its most generalized sense, a way of seeing the world. Before anything it places great emphasis on the question of how do we see the world, that is to say, our subjective [...]

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