Paradigm Shift


Paradigm Shift The term paradigm describes a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing the world for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.View Source The term paradigm shift is used to describe a fundamental and major transformation in the established paradigm of a community. [...]

Paradigm Shift2018-06-19T20:26:14+00:00

Nonlinear Causality


Nonlinear Causality Nonlinear causality is a form of causation where cause and effect can flow in a bidirectional fashion between two or more elements or systems. The essential characteristic of nonlinear causality is the idea of feedback that an effect can create a cause, but equally, this cause can then feedback to create an effect [...]

Nonlinear Causality2018-06-19T20:26:34+00:00

Linear Causality


Linear Causality Linear causality is a conception of causation as following a single, linear direction, i.e. event A causes effect B, while B has no demonstrable effect on A. This unidirectional causation may be in space as well as time, i.e. only incidents in the past can affect current events. Likewise, linear causality implies a unidirectional [...]

Linear Causality2018-06-19T20:26:43+00:00



Causality Causality describes a relationship that exists between two or more things where a change in one thing - or set of things - causes a change in another.View Source The essence of causality is a phenomenon being dependent on some other effect. As such causality is a connection or linkage between states or [...]


Formal Models


Models A model is an abstract, typically compact, representation of some phenomena that enables us to conceptualize and communicate its basic structure and dynamics in a coherent form. A central characteristic of models and modeling of all kind is the use of abstraction. Whereby various levels of detail are removed from the original empirical phenomena [...]

Formal Models2018-06-19T20:27:04+00:00



Abstraction Abstraction is the process of considering something independently of its associations or attributes.View Source The use of abstraction involves removing successive layers of detail from a representation in order to capture only the essential features that are generic to all entities of that kind and independent of their specific form. Abstraction involves the [...]




Instantiation Instantiation is the process of transforming an abstraction into a concrete example.View Source An abstraction is any entity that exists independently of context or specific attributes. The process of instantiation is one of taking an abstraction and giving it detailed form within some "real" context. This process involves specification, whereby the generic features [...]




Synthesis Synthetic reasoning involves combining disparate ideas to create a more abstract whole that integrates their divergent characteristics The word synthesis comes from the Greek word meaning "to put together."View Source Synthesis is a process of reasoning whereby we put disparate parts together to gain an understanding of the whole. Synthesis can [...]




Encapsulation Encapsulation means to cover or surround something in order to show or express the main idea or quality of it in a concise fashion.View Source Encapsulation is a central part of modeling and designing systems in that it enables abstraction. Through encapsulation, the internal workings of any component part of a system can [...]




Analysis Analysis is a method of inquiry that proceeds by breaking a system down into its elementary parts, studying those parts in isolation and then forming a description of the whole system in terms of its basic components and interactions.See Source Analysis is one of the two fundamental processes of inquiry and can be [...]

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